Q840065

New Jack Swing Bands and Artists List

New Jack Swing Bands and Artists List

New jack swing, new jack, or swingbeat is a fusion genre of the rhythms and production techniques of hip hop and dance-pop, and the urban contemporary sound of R&B. Spearheaded by producers Teddy Riley and Bernard Belle, new jack swing was most popular from the mid-1980s to mid-1990s. Its influence, along with hip hop, seeped into pop culture.

Merriam-Webster's online dictionary defines new jack swing as "pop music usually performed by Black musicians that combines elements of jazz, funk, rap, and rhythm and blues." New jack swing did take up the trend of using sampled beats and tunes, and also created beats using the electronic drum machines such as the then-new SP-1200 sampler, and the Roland TR-808 to lay an "insistent beat under light melody lines and clearly enunciated vocals." The Roland TR-808 was sampled to create distinctive, syncopated, swung rhythms, with its snare sound being especially prominent. Two examples would be "Groove Me" by Guy which samples "Funky President (People It's Bad)", "My Thang," and "The Champ" as well as its own swing drums, and "Right Or Wrong" by Mind which fuses sharp drum reverb effects and a hidden looped sample of the Funky Drummer. Key producers included Teddy Riley, Timmy Gatling, Alton "Wokie" Stewart, DJ Eddie F, DeVante Swing, Kyle West, Bernard Belle, William 'Zan' Aquart, and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis.

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