Q1127530

List of Modal Jazz Bands and Artists : Vote for your favorites.

List of Modal Jazz Bands and Artists   : Vote for your favorites.

Modal jazz is jazz that uses musical modes rather than chord progressions as a harmonic framework. Though earlier precedents exist, modal jazz was crystallized as a distinct theory by composer George Russell in his 1953 book Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization.

Particularly popular in the 1950s and 1960s, modal jazz is epitomized by Miles Davis's 1958 composition "Milestones", 1959 album Kind of Blue, and John Coltrane's classic quartet from 1960–64, both of which were directly inspired by Russell. Other important performers include Woody Shaw, Bill Evans, Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, McCoy Tyner, Larry Young, Pharoah Sanders, Joe Henderson, Chick Corea and Bobby Hutcherson. Though the term comes from the use of the pitches of particular modes (or scales) in the creation of solos, modal jazz compositions or accompaniments may only or additionally make use of the following techniques:

  1. slow-moving harmonic rhythm, where single chords may last four to sixteen or more measures
  2. pedal points and drones
  3. absent or suppressed standard functional chord progressions
  4. quartal harmonies or melodies
  5. polytonality

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